If the oil tames the wave, if it pour into the sea? Why?

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The American scientist Benjamin Franklin found that one spoonful of oil (about 15 ml) spread on a water surface area of about 2000 sq m. the ripples on the surface of water almost completely disappears. The molecules of the oil have a complicated, quite advanced form, and so that one end of the molecule is hydrophilic, the other hydrophobic. Molecules are placed in water, the hydrophilic ends down, hydrophobic – up creating a rather dense monolayer (with a thickness of only one molecule). To break requires considerable effort. A large part of the wave energy is spent on trying to rupture of the layer and waves are reduced
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