Why from 1930 until 1966 in the USSR, the collective farmers were not paid a salary?

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And the logic of collective farmers and not entitled to wages in General. Because what is a farm in fact? It is an agricultural production cooperative, not the state or private enterprise. The participants produce goods and divide the income among themselves. That is, they provide themselves, and their standard of living depends on how much they produced and sold. Another thing is that operational and financial independence of farms quickly turned into a formality, and in fact they were under full state control. The state set plans for the delivery of agricultural products (often beyond capacity), fixed prices (quite low) was determined to be growing crops and types of livestock. Add that plus the farmers paid taxes, and farms until 1958, paid at his own expense, the services of MTS. The distribution of income depended on the number of workdays worked out, but often they had nothing to pay. For example, in 1940, 41% of the farms of the Ryazan region not given to workers a penny for their labor (only a few of the natural product). In the end, the majority of farmers barely making ends meet, and in case of bad harvest from starvation, saved only subsistence farming. Were rich collective farms-millionaires, but it is rather the "exhibition" of the economy, which there was not so much. It was in the 30-50-ies. But with the development of agriculture in the USSR, financial situation, farmers began to pay more attention. In 1959, introduced a guaranteed minimum wage of farmers, and in 1966 with the workday was over and the farmers began to receive fully guaranteed salaries and bonuses. This dramatically improved the financial situation of farmers and completely eliminated hunger in the village as a phenomenon. But essentially meant the collapse of the collective utopia and the actual transformation of collective farms into state enterprises. Their cooperative status was a fiction. However, Khrushchev in the early 60-ies began a massive transfer of collective farms to state farms, which are state-owned enterprises pure and simple.
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