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adventure speckled

During the investigation in 'The Speckled Band' Holmes uses deductive reasoning to solve the murder. Please give five examples of this....


One of the first things Holmes does upon arriving in the vicinity of Stoke Moran is to look at the will. He ascertains that if both the sisters had married, Dr. Roylott would be left with "a mere pittance." This establishes a strong motive.

Then he takes a look at the scaffolding left outside the house and notes, "There does not seem to be any very pressing need for repairs at that end wall." Miss Roylott confirms there were none and that she believes the so-called repairs were an excuse to move her from her room into the room of her murdered sister. This establishes method. He then discovers that the bell rope in that room "is a dummy"—in other words, it is not connected to another bell to summon the servants; again, this leads to cogitation about method. He sees the saucer of milk. They do not keep a cat, so what purpose does it serve? The bed is clamped to the floor, meaning Miss Roylott cannot shift its position. Again, Holmes is determining method.

The third component, opportunity, is always there, as Miss Roylott's forced removal into her sister's old room puts her directly adjacent to the doctor's, and she remarks that she has smelled cigar smoke coming through the connecting ventilator.

At the end of the story, after Dr. Roylott has attempted the second murder and been, as Shakespeare would say, hoist by his own petard, Holmes explains that once he had seen all these clues, and knowing already that the doctor had lived in India and had access to animals from India, "the idea of a snake instantly occurred to me."

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