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Explain how in some ways management has crossover with the concept of leadership.


There is a level of codependency in these two terms, management and leadership. Managing is a process of efficient and effective use of resources to attain a goal.  Resources include people and technology; technology means all types of tools, not just "high tech".

Leadership is a process of influencing or motivating others to works towards a goal.  From the eNotes reference area:

Leadership has been described as the “process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task”.[1]

Businesses assign the role of manager with accompanying title, authority, and responsibility.  Management tasks can be taught to others fairly easily.

Anyone can be a leader regardless of their business title, authority, and responsibility.  But leadership skills are not as easily taught because they tap into an individual's characteristics or personality traits.

Leaders are not necessarily managers (and some are not good managers) and some managers are not good leaders.  In fact, there are times when the two roles are at odds with each other.  The manager's decision to downsize can conflict with the leader's desire to keep a good employee.  In today's economy, there are fewer options for retaining these good employees even when the manager-leader wants to.

While some managers may not have very good leadership skills, they can increase their effectiveness by tapping into the leadership skills of good leaders in their work group.

A business with no real leader-managers may experience high turnover, employee sabotage, and other signs of ineffective use of resources.  Today's business market requires managers who effectively "manage by leading" either through their own leadership skills or by skillful use of other leaders within the organization.

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