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Explain the organization of the Party in Part Two, Chapters 9-10 of 1984.


In these chapters, the organization of the Party is explained by Goldstein in his book, The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism. According to Goldstein, the Party is organized into a hierarchy. At the top are the Inner Party members who enjoy certain privileges and luxuries, like a servant and a car. They are the "ruling class" whose sole aim is to "remain in power permanently." This class is also described as the "brains of the state" by Goldstein.

Below are the Outer Party members who Golstein states are like the "hands" of the state. These are people like Winston and Julia who perform the real work required to keep Oceania going.

Finally, at the bottom of this hierarchy are the Proles, the "submerged masses," who make up the majority of the population, at around 85 percent. It is important to note that the Proles are not allowed to become Inner or Outer Party members, since it is taught that they are "inferior" to those above.

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